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Natural Attractions / Trip Ideas

Morin Dawa celebrates 60 years as an autonomous banner

By Niu Jingjing

August 16

On August 15, the Morin Dawa Daur Bannner held a celebration for the 60th anniversary of its establishment in Hulun Buir, Inner Monogolia, China.

On August 15, the Morin Dawa Daur Bannner held a celebration for the 60th anniversary of its establishment in Hulun Buir, Inner Monogolia, China.

Morin Dawa Daur Banner held a celebration for the 60th anniversary of its establishment on August 15 in Hulun Buir, Inner Monogolia, China. [Photo by Zhangwei/ Inner Mongolia Morning Post]
Twenty-four teams of local performers, in turn, showed the achievements and minority culture of the Morin Dawa Daur Banner in the last 60 years. The banner is the only autonomous banner of the Daur nationality in the country.

Morin Dawa means “mountains that horses aren’t able to go over” in Daur. While there are 26 nationalities living here, the Daur is the largest minority group, with a population of 33,300. They account for approximately 10.4% of the total population of the banner.

Flower truck to celebrate Morin Dawa Daur Banner’s 60th anniversary of establishment. [Photo by Niu Jingjing/China.org.cn]
In 2011, Morin Dawa was listed as one of China’s national-level poverty-stricken counties. However, with the establishment of urban and rural social systems and the social assistance system, the employment rate has been raised in the past few years; the poor population has decreased from 32,000 in 2014 to 7,000 in 2018.

In recent years, Morin Dawa has focused on developing tourism by building a “Daur Folk-custom Ecotourism and Relaxation Resort.” In 2017, its tourism revenue reached 898 million yuan ($130 million USD) and the total numbers of tourists was about 960,000.

[Photo by Niu Jingjing/China.org.cn]
Hunting is a skill that the Daur have relied on for generations, so Daur people who live in mountain forests have learned the habits, regular visiting spots, and daily routine of many animals, especially eagles.

[Photo by Niu Jingjing/China.org.cn]
Daur people also live close to the water. Consequently, they have fished for many generations. They have different fishing equipment and methods. Covering fish is the one of the major methods they use to catch fish. To do this, a cover made of about 60 twigs of wicker and tied with hemp rope is used. The bell-shaped cover is used to trap fish inside. Trapped fish are then transferred to nets and taken away as the day’s catch.

[Photo by Niu Jingjing/China.org.cn]
Mukulian, a sort of fingerstyle jaw harp, is an ancient musical instrument of the Daur people. They use it to imitate sounds they hear in day to day life, as well as to demonstrate emotions such as yearning, love, and joy.

[Photo by Niu Jingjing/China.org.cn]
Morin Dawa is the hometown of modern Chinese hockey. The Daur inherited the sport from Qara Khitai (an ancient nation that was located in modern-day Central Asia). With the development of hockey in China, Morin Dawa has cultivated many hockey players for the country. In 2006, Daur traditional hockey was inscribed on first batch of China’s national intangible cultural heritage list in 2006.

[Photo by Niu Jingjing/China.org.cn]
Lurigele( “burning” or “flourishing” in Chinese) is a typical folk dance of the Daur people. It has a long history. According to historical records, during the night time of the early spring, the Daur would gather around blazing bonfires, dancing and shouting to express their feelings, adjust their mental state, and expel fatigue. Lurigele was also inscribed on first batch of China’s national intangible cultural heritage list in 2006.

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