As a Mongolian, Chao has engaged in Mongolian calligraphy for more than 40 years. He became interested in writing Mongolian characters when he was a student. “I seemed to pay much more attention to the characters at school than others did,” Chao said.
Cha Risu, a Mocchngolian craftsman, has persisted in making Morin Khuur (also known as the horsehead fiddle) for 17 years. He established a Morin Khuur factory in 2000, eleven years before Morin Khuur crafting was inscribed on China’s national intangible cultural heritage list.